Members of the University’s governing body has defended the 5.8% price rise in graduate rent at an Oxford SU meeting.Pro-Vice Chancellor for Planning and Resources, Dr David Prout, was asked whether he was concerned about possible student dropouts due to the increase in fees. Prout said: “A balance has to be struck. A line is drawn, and somehow people make choices.”According to Head of Estates Finance, Sarah Davies, the 5.8% rent increase will generate £90,000 per unit in the next five years. She later clarified that this sum will not fully account for the costs of refurbishment and replacement, and that the University will cover the difference. Prout stressed the need for financial sustainability throughout the meeting. He said: “The University needs to balance a whole range of demands. We must consider how we ought to fund the University’s long term preeminent research achievements.We have to think about the long term enterprise. We can’t support it if we’re not breaking even.”Oxford SU’s VP for charities and communities, Tom Barringer, who attended the meeting told Cherwell: “It is a great shame that students could not be consulted about this 5.8% increase beforehand, since the decision was made behind closed doors. It is strange that a university with a £1.3 billion budget seems so keen to isolate its graduate accommodation department and charge ‘sustainable rent’ – also known as passing on all building costs, including their construction, directly to students.”The Property Management Sub Committee, which determines graduate accommodation rent, came to the 5.8% figure based on the Retail Price Index plus 1.8%. The committee also imposed a collar on the increase of 3.5% and a cap of 5.5%. The collar and cap will only come into effect next year, after the 5.8% increase, an SU rep told Cherwell. Sarah Davies opened the meeting by explaining the grounds for the rent hike. She said: “The University asked if graduate accommodation was sustainable. We investigated and found that refurbishments were needed, but reserves were depleted.”Davies explained that accommodation funding is ‘ring fenced’, meaning no funds can be withdrawn or added. If accommodation needs more budget, they would have to borrow money. “An inability to cover the costs limits our ability to replace and reinvest.”Davies added that accommodation would need to recover £7.2 million per year to fund refurbishments over the next five years. She broke this figure down to £3 million for running costs and utilities, and £4.2 million for ‘capital costs’ – meaning refurbishments and replacements. A standard single room en suite in the Castle Mill complex currently costs £591 per calendar month (pcm).Following the hike, rents for the same room will rise to £625 pcm. Davies explained that the University uses college-owned accommodation prices as a benchmark. Balliol College charges £609 pcm for B and C graduate rooms, while St John’s College charges £513.3 per month for a grade B room, plus a termly charge of £214 for ‘the general provision of services’.The rent hike will only affect central University housing, likely creating greater demand for the limited college accommodation available to graduates. During the 2016-17 academic year, 57% of all full-time graduate students and 70% of full-time graduate freshers were housed either by the University or in colleges. Cherwell asked for a transcript of the meeting but the request was refused. A separate request to film the meeting was also denied.
Pinterest Google+ Twitter WhatsApp By Jon Zimney – December 29, 2020 0 282 Google+ Pinterest (Photo supplied/Lakeville Volunteer Fire Department) Lakeville volunteer firefighters rescued a man who fell through thin ice.It happened on Saturday, Dec. 26.(Photo supplied/Facebook)According to a post on the Lakeville Volunteer Firefighter Facebook page, the man was trying to rescue his dog. Though the man was rescued, howver, the dog died.The department is using the incident to remind people not to walk out on thin or questionable ice. Facebook Lakeville firefighters rescue man who fell through thin ice Twitter Facebook IndianaLocalNews WhatsApp Previous articleCVS now administering COVID-19 vaccines in Indiana nursing homesNext articleFace mask order extended until March 31 in St. Joseph County Jon ZimneyJon Zimney is the News and Programming Director for News/Talk 95.3 Michiana’s News Channel and host of the Fries With That podcast. Follow him on Twitter @jzimney.
Giddy-up folks! Book your tickets now for the biggest hoedown in the bakery calendar – British Baker’s Baking Industry Awards.The Wild West-themed awards ceremony is going to be a night to remember, pardners, and will be hosted by West End and TV star Denise van Outen.Van Outen – who found fame on Channel 4’s The Big Breakfast in the 1990s – will take to the stage at the London Hilton on Park Lane on 6 September.She will be presenting awards recognising industry achievements in 11 categories:Baker of the Year – sponsored by Brook Food Processing EquipmentBakery Manufacturer of the Year – sponsored by SonneveldBakery Innovation of the Year – sponsored by European Process PlantCelebration Cake Business of the Year – sponsored by RenshawFree-from Bakery Product of the Year – sponsored by IngredionSupermarket Bakery Business of the Year – sponsored by Lantmännen Unibake UKSpeciality Bread Product of the Year – sponsored by BakelsThe Craft Business Award – sponsored by Dawn FoodsThe Customer Focus Award – sponsored by CSM Bakery SolutionsThe Rising Star Award – sponsored by RondoOutstanding Contribution to the Baking Industry – sponsored by DélifranceAs well as offering great food and excellent entertainment, the awards night is a fantastic opportunity to network with the biggest names in Britain’s baking industry.No wonder, then, that tables are selling out fast!Tickets cost £285 plus VAT. A table of 10 costs £2,575 plus VAT. To get yours now, go to www.bakeryawards.co.ukFor more information, contact Elizabeth Ellis on 01293 846593 or [email protected]
Bob Weir kicked off his Campfire Tour last night in San Rafael, California. The show, which took place at Marin Veterans Memorial Auditorium, featured a hodgepodge of fan-favorite Dead songs, as well as several tracks from his recently-released album Blue Mountain. The show kicked off with the Grateful Dead guitarist delivering a solo acoustic rendition of the album’s title track, before the band, which features Steve Kimock, brothers and members of The National Bryan and Scott Devendorf, Jon Shaw, and the album’s producer Josh Kaufman, took the stage for the remainder of the show.Set one focused on mostly material from the new album, with “Only a River”, “Lay My Lily down”, “Whatever Happened to Rose”, and more leading the charge, before the band busted out the Dead’s “He’s Gone”. “He’s Gone” was followed by the appropriately titled “Gonesville”, making for a great pairing of tunes while bringing the set to a close.Set two featured a much heavier variety of Grateful Dead material, opening with a rocking “Althea”, before the band launched into a great version of “Me and My Uncle”. What followed was a show-closing sequence that started with “Playing in the Band”, transitioned into “The Other One”, followed by “Looks Like Rain”, and finally a reprise of “Playing In The Band” that brought the house down.The encore featured another Blue Mountain track with “Ki-Yi Bossie”, before the band brought things to a close with great versions of Merle Haggard‘s “Mama Tried” and the emotional “Ripple”.Weir returns to the stage tonight in Oakland, CA at the Fox Theatre. Check out a few fan-shot videos from the great first night of Bob Weir’s Blue Mountain tour below. See below for a full setlist as well!Watch Bob Weir perform a solo acoustic rendition of “Blue Mountain”.Watch Bob Weir perform a solo acoustic rendition of “The Other One”.Watch Bob Weir perform a solo acoustic rendition of “Ripple”.Bob Weir | Marin Veterans Memorial Auditorium | San Rafael, California | 10/7/206Set 1: Blue Mountain, Only a River, Lay Me Lily Down, Whatever Happened to Rose, Ghost Towns, Gallop on the Run, He’s Gone, Gonesville.Set 2: Althea, Me and My Uncle, Playing in the Band, The Other One, Look Like Rain, Playing in the Band repriseEncore: Ki-Yi Bossie, Mama Tried, RippleBob Weir Blue Mountain Campfire TourSan Rafael, CAMarin County Civic CenterOctober 7, 2016Oakland, CAFox Theatre OaklandOctober 8, 2016Los Angeles, CAThe WilternOctober 10, 2016Upper Darby, PAThe Tower TheatreOctober 12, 2016Brooklyn, NYThe Kings TheatreOctober 14-15, 2016Port Chester, NYThe Capitol TheatreOctober 16, 2016Nashville, TNRyman AuditoriumOctober 19, 2016
Ellen Johnson SirleafDoctor of LawsEllen Johnson Sirleaf became president of Liberia in 2006, the culmination of a career of public service in Liberia that has seen her endure death threats, incarceration, and exile, and an achievement that made her the first woman head of state ever elected in an African country.Sirleaf’s election was also a watershed for Liberia, marking that nation’s emergence from decades of dictatorship and civil war, including the devastating rebellion led by Charles Taylor, now on trial at The Hague for war crimes, and his subsequent election as president in 1997. Liberia’s Second Civil War resulted in his resignation in 2003.Raised in Monrovia, Liberia, Sirleaf came to the United States in the 1960s and studied at the Madison Business College in Madison, Wis., and the Economics Institute in Boulder, Colo., before earning her M.P.A. degree as an Edward S. Mason Fellow at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government.Sirleaf returned to Liberia and served as assistant minister of finance in 1972, resigning in protest of government spending. She was appointed minister of finance in 1979, but fled the country after a military coup took the lives of Liberia’s president, William Tolbert, and several members of his cabinet. She returned from exile in 1985 to run for vice president, earning a prison sentence for a speech critical of the regime of Samuel Doe. Amid continuing turmoil, she fled to the United States in 1986. She returned again more than a decade later to run for president against Charles Taylor in 1997, but lost and returned to exile. In 2003, after Taylor left office, Sirleaf chaired a government reform commission, leaving to run in the 2005 presidential elections.Sir Timothy Berners-LeeDoctor of Science Brooklyn, N.Y.-born Ruth Bader Ginsburg graduated from Cornell University in 1954 and enrolled that fall at Harvard Law School, where she was one of only nine women in a class of more than 500. Ginsburg transferred to Columbia University, becoming the first law student to work for two major university law journals. She graduated in 1959, first in her class, but right away confronted another sign of an era indifferent to women in jurisprudence: Because of her gender, she was turned down for a clerkship with Justice of the Supreme Court Felix Frankfurter.Today, of course, Ginsburg herself is an associate justice of the Supreme Court, where she has served since 1993 as its first Jewish female justice and its second female member. (Now there have been four.) A cautious jurist, Ginsburg nevertheless shows the outline of an earlier legal career shaped by an intense interest in the constitutional equality of men and women. She has been a consistent supporter of abortion rights, general counsel for the American Civil Liberties Union, and an advocate of what some critics take as a left-wing idea: that foreign law can be used to shape U.S. judicial opinions. In the early 1960s, Ginsburg was a research associate at Columbia Law School’s Project on International Procedure, where she co-authored a book on judicial procedure in Sweden.As a professor of law at Rutgers University (1963-1972), Ginsburg co-founded the Women’s Rights Law Reporter, the first journal to focus on women’s rights. At Columbia Law School she was the first tenured woman and co-authored the first law school casebook on sex discrimination. Before joining the Supreme Court, Ginsburg served for 13 years on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.Widowed last year, the 78-year-old Ginsburg is now the Supreme Court’s oldest member.Dudley HerschbachDoctor of Science Ellen Johnson Sirleaf – Doctor of LawsSir Timothy Berners-Lee – Doctor of SciencePlácido Domingo – Doctor of MusicRuth Bader Ginsburg – Doctor of LawsDudley Herschbach – Doctor of ScienceJames R. Houghton – Doctor of LawsRosalind Krauss – Doctor of ArtsJ.G.A. Pocock – Doctor of LawsDavid Satcher – Doctor of Science Dudley Herschbach is the Frank B. Baird Jr. Professor of Science Emeritus at Harvard and winner of the 1986 Nobel Prize in chemistry for work that advanced the understanding of basic chemical reactions.Herschbach has seen his early work on methods and theory of studying single collisions in chemical reactions move from the fringe to the mainstream. His work has also encompassed several other chemical frontiers, including high-pressure molecular transformations that illustrated that hydrocarbons could be formed under conditions found in the Earth’s mantle. Long a proponent of improving science education at all levels, Herschbach for 20 years taught general chemistry for freshmen and, since becoming emeritus, has taught a freshman seminar on molecular motors. He also has continued to pursue research, as a visiting fellow at the Carnegie Institution of Washington and as a professor of physics at Texas A&M University.In addition to the Nobel Prize, shared with Yuan T. Lee and John C. Polanyi, Herschbach has received many prizes and awards, including the National Medal of Science in 1991. He is a fellow of scientific societies, including the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences. Herschbach received bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Stanford University before coming to Harvard, where he received a doctorate in chemical physics in 1958. Herschbach was an assistant and associate professor at the University of California, Berkeley, from 1959 to 1963, returning to Harvard as professor of chemistry in 1963. He became Baird Professor of Science in 1976.During his years at Harvard, Herschbach has served as chair of the chemical physics program and of the Chemistry Department, as a member of the Faculty Council, and, with his wife, Georgene, as co-master of Currier House. In support of his efforts to improve science understanding, he has delivered many talks in middle and high schools, written popular articles, and made many radio and television appearances, including a stint as a guest voice on “The Simpsons” television show.James R. HoughtonDoctor of Laws A renowned critic and theorist of 20th century art, Rosalind Krauss is University Professor at Columbia University and co-founder and editor of the art quarterly October. Her writings on artists from Picasso to Pollock, as well as her work on minimalism, surrealism, and the development of photography, helped define the post-structuralist mode of art criticism.Krauss was born in 1940 in Washington, D.C., where she grew up visiting museums. After graduating from Wellesley College in 1962, she began graduate studies at Harvard’s Department of Fine Arts and received a Ph.D. in 1969.While at Harvard, she joined the editorial board of the highly regarded magazine Artforum, spurred by the conviction that “the history of modern art could not be pursued apart from its theory and criticism.” She left Artforum in 1975 to launch October, a journal that explored the relationship between contemporary social and political concerns and scholarship of modernism.Krauss taught for brief periods at Wellesley, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Princeton before joining the faculty of Hunter College, where she was made a full professor in 1977. From 1977 until 1992, she taught at the Graduate Center, CUNY. In 1992 she moved to Columbia, where she held the Meyer Schapiro Chair in Modern Art and Theory from 1995 to 2006.She is the author of, among other books, “The Originality of the Avant-Garde and Other Modernist Myths” (1985), “Formless: A User’s Guide” (1997), “The Picasso Papers” (1998), and “Bachelors” (1999), and is a co-author of the art history textbook “Art Since 1900.” Her most recent collection of essays, “Perpetual Inventory” (2010), explores what she calls “the post-medium condition” — the abandonment of the modernist emphasis on the medium as the source of artistic significance.She has curated many exhibitions, including “Joan Miró: Magnetic Fields” and “Robert Morris: The Mind/Body Problem” at the Guggenheim Museum; “L’Amour fou: Photography and Surrealism” at the Corcoran Gallery of Art; and “Richard Serra/Sculpture” at the Museum of Modern Art.J.G.A. PocockDoctor of LawsHistorian John Greville Agard (J.G.A.) Pocock, now in his eighth decade of scholarship, has inspired generations of philosophers, political scientists, and fellow historians. His deep studies — many of them investigating the foundations of modern political thought — range across classical Greece and Rome, early modern Europe, the nascent American republic, and New Zealand, the country of his boyhood.He is best known for his studies of early modern republicanism — in continental Europe, Great Britain, and the United States — and for his work on Edward Gibbon and Gibbon’s intellectual counterparts in the Enlightenment. Pocock has finished five volumes of a projected six-volume study of Gibbon called “Barbarism and Religion.” The expatriate New Zealander, who earned his Ph.D. at Cambridge University in 1952, is now the Harry C. Black Chair of History Emeritus at Johns Hopkins University, where he taught history from 1974 to 1994.Pocock is also renowned for pioneering the idea of “contextualism,” which calls on historians to study canonical works in the intellectual contexts of their eras, and not as the products of single minds. Pocock’s contribution to this “Cambridge school” of historiography is the concept that “political languages” underlie the texts of an era and are unconsciously shared by historians of that time. Among these shared “linguistic universes” in the 17th and 18th centuries, for instance, were concepts of the common law and classical republicanism — defining ideas that inform the rhetoric of James Harrington, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and others.Pocock was born in London in 1924, but moved to New Zealand when his father was appointed to the classics faculty at what was then called Canterbury University College. He earned his bachelor’s and master’s degrees at the University of New Zealand before moving on to Cambridge for doctoral studies. Pocock’s previous honorary degrees are from the University of Canterbury (1973) and Johns Hopkins (2004).David SatcherDoctor of Science A pioneer and advocate of the Internet age, Timothy Berners-Lee is best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web. In 1989, while working at CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory, he proposed and designed the first Web server and client, technology that, when made public in 1991, transformed how people shared information via the Internet.Born in London in 1955, Berners-Lee attended Oxford University, where he built his first computer with a soldering iron, digital circuits, a processor, and an old television. After graduating with a physics degree in 1976, he worked as a software engineer and independent computer consultant. In 1980, he developed his first conceptual prototype for the Web, called Enquire.“What that first bit of Enquire code led me to was something much larger, a vision encompassing the decentralized, organic growth of ideas, technology, and society,” Berners-Lee wrote in his 1999 memoir, “Weaving the Web.” As he envisioned it, the web “provides us with new freedom … and brings the workings of society closer to the workings of our minds.”Berners-Lee is now the 3Com Founders Professor of Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he holds an appointment with the Laboratory for Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence and heads the Decentralized Information Group. He is also a professor in the electronics and computer science department at the University of Southampton.He has remained involved in the growth of the web over the past two decades, serving as director of the World Wide Web Consortium, a web standards organization founded in 1994, and as founding director of the Web Science Trust, which promotes the multidisciplinary study of the web and its effects on society. He is also a director of the World Wide Web Foundation, which funds and coordinates efforts to advance the potential of the Web to benefit humanity.He has received many international awards, including the inaugural Millennium Technology Prize, and was knighted by Queen Elizabeth in 2004.Plácido DomingoDoctor of Music One of the greatest tenors of all time, Plácido Domingo is a formidable presence in opera, on stage as a performer and a conductor, as well as behind the scenes as general director of the Los Angeles Opera and the Washington National Opera.Famous for his rich vocal tone and versatility, he is at once a tenor with a deep, melodic range, and a baritone with an exquisite upper register. Along with his voice, Domingo is renowned for his acting ability and legendary energy. His personal motto is “If I rest, I rust.”Domingo was born in Madrid in 1941 to a musical world. Both his parents were stars of a zarzuela company, a Spanish type of operetta. When he was 8, his family moved to Mexico, where his parents opened their own company. Domingo initially studied piano and conducting at the National Conservatory of Music of Mexico, but eventually turned his energies to developing his singing voice.He made his opera debut in Monterrey, Mexico, in 1961 as Alfredo in Giuseppe Verdi’s “La Traviata.” His Metropolitan Opera debut came in 1968 as a late stand-in for famed tenor Franco Corelli in the role of Maurizio in “Adriana Lecouvreur” by Francesco Cilea. The performance won him praise as the Met’s “hottest young artist” by The New York Times. During his career, Domingo has sung 134 roles in more than 3,500 performances. He celebrated his 70th birthday in January, and will reprise the title role of Verdi’s “Simon Boccanegra” with the Los Angeles Opera for its 2011-12 season, following a successful run last year with the same role at the Met.His recordings include the classical and crossover genres and have won him 12 Grammy Awards. He has made more than 50 videos and three films.A strong supporter of young musical talent, Domingo founded the annual competition Operalia in 1993 to help launch the careers of emerging singers and has created young artists’ programs at both the Los Angeles Opera and the Washington National Opera. Through benefit concerts, he has helped to raise millions of dollars to support a range of humanitarian causes.Among his many honors are a Presidential Medal of Freedom and an honorary British knighthood.Ruth Bader GinsburgDoctor of Laws Businessman James R. Houghton joined the Harvard Corporation in 1995 and became its senior fellow in 2002. When he retired in 2010, he was its longest-serving member.During his tenure, Houghton encouraged greater interaction between the Corporation and the Harvard Board of Overseers, the University’s second-highest governing body. As senior fellow, he also chaired the search committee that selected Harvard’s 28th president, Drew Faust.“The great thing about [Harvard] is that it’s constantly reinventing itself. There’s always something new. But there’s also always something reassuringly familiar, and there’s the same commitment to what really matters: excellent education and research,” Houghton said in a Gazette interview last year.He called his time with the Corporation a “wonderful, wonderful experience” and “an enormous honor.”Houghton’s Harvard roots run deep. His grandfather, father, and brothers attended Harvard, and his wife attended Radcliffe. A history concentrator, Lowell House resident, and hockey goalie for the junior varsity team, Houghton graduated from the College in 1958 and from Harvard Business School in 1962.Houghton devoted his professional career to Corning Inc., a leading maker of specialty glass and ceramics that was founded by his great-grandfather in 1851. He joined the company in 1962 and spent 16 years as its CEO and 41 years on its board of directors, including 19 as chairman. He retired as chairman of the board emeritus last year.He also served as a director of J.P. Morgan, Exxon Mobil Corp., and MetLife Inc. He also is the past chairman of the Business Council of New York State. He has served as a trustee of the Corning Museum of Glass, the Corning Incorporated Foundation, the Pierpont Morgan Library, and is currently the chairman of the board of trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.Rosalind KraussDoctor of Arts David Satcher, the 16th U.S. surgeon general, grew up poor in the Jim Crow South on a red-dirt farm outside Anniston, Ala. Neither of his parents finished elementary school, and two of his nine siblings died in childhood. Satcher nearly died, too, at age 2, when he came down with whooping cough and was barred from the local whites-only hospital. He was saved only by the ministrations of his parents and by the intercession of the area’s sole black doctor.“By the time I was 6,” Satcher told a Harvard audience in 2008, “I was telling everybody I was going to be a doctor like Dr. Jackson.” That brush with death also inspired his life’s mission, he said — “access to health care for people who have been left out.”As an undergraduate at Morehouse College in Atlanta, Satcher listened to sermons by Martin Luther King Jr. at Ebenezer Baptist Church. He took his growing passion for social justice to medical school at Case Western Reserve University, where he received his M.D. and Ph.D. in 1970. He taught medicine and epidemiology in Los Angeles (where he ran a free clinic in riot-torn Watts), Atlanta, and Nashville, Tenn. (where in 1982 he assumed leadership of beleaguered Meharry Medical College). The first chapter in Satcher’s federal career spanned 1993 to 1998, when he was both administrator of the Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry and director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.In just four years as surgeon general (1998-2002), Satcher oversaw the release of 14 major reports, including studies of obesity, youth violence, mental health, sex education, and tobacco’s effect on minorities. The circumstances around his early near-death and the unfurling of civil rights in his youth have been powerful forces behind Satcher’s impassioned, accomplished adulthood. As he told his Harvard audience in 2008, “Beginnings are important.”
Read Full Story Viet D. Dinh ’93, founding partner of Bancroft and a professor of law at Georgetown University Law Center, spoke at Harvard Law School on Sept. 18 at an event sponsored by Harvard Law School’s Program on the Legal Profession. Dinh, who served as U.S. assistant attorney general for legal policy from 2001 to 2003 and played a key role in developing legal policy initiatives to combat terrorism, focused his remarks on “Peripatetic Reflections: Government, Academia and Boutique Law Practice.”Dinh reflected on his career in academia and government, discussing the commonality and challenge of choosing between the public and private spheres throughout one’s career. He also shared his views on how the legal profession is handling this time of economic and global change.Dinh, a leading expert on corporate governance and regulatory compliance, focuses his scholarship on constitutional and corporation law. On behalf of the U.S. government, he successfully argued Nevada v. Hibbs before the Supreme Court, an appeal by the State of Nevada seeking immunity from suit under the Family and Medical Leave Act. During his time at the Department of Justice, Dinh worked to reform civil and criminal justice procedures, and played a key role in developing legal policy initiatives, including the USA Patriot Act.Watch a video of his lecture on the HLS website.The event was part of the Program on the Legal Profession’s speaker series, which brings leading business experts and legal researchers and practitioners from around the world to speak on globalization and changes within the legal profession.
This is one in a series of profiles showcasing some of Harvard’s stellar graduates. On the afternoon she submitted her senior thesis, Andrea Ortiz ’16 went down to the Charles River. There she was, a girl born in Mexico City, raised as an immigrant in Miami, a star in her family for making it to Harvard. Yet she felt a wave of sadness, and that, she reasoned, made no sense. So she sat by the river to think until it came to her: This was yearning.“You never accomplish anything alone,” she said later. “I was feeling the absence of the people who were most influential in getting me to this point. I wished they could be here too.”Her grandmother, Socorro Roman de Escandon, is one of those people. She is a woman who created her own philosophy and humanities class in Mexico City for people like herself, without access to a college education. Later in rural Comitán de Dominguez, where Ortiz spent childhood summers, her grandmother mail-ordered hundreds of books. The family home became an informal library for rural housewives.As a child, Ortiz listened raptly as her grandmother told stories about Princesa Mariposa, the butterfly princess. In this homespun version of the Greek myth, a human girl, Psyche, outsmarts the gods, defies great obstacles, escapes the underworld, acquires wings, and is free like the butterfly: a symbol of the soul. It was one in a long line of lessons on female empowerment.“Everything I do at Harvard is in some ways for my grandmother,” said Ortiz. “She did not have these opportunities but she wanted them for me.”For as long as she can remember, Ortiz has straddled two worlds: a family world that unfolds in Spanish and a public one that does not; one in which she is an American citizen who has a driver’s license and the right to attend college, and another in which her undocumented friends do not; one in which privilege, even if hard-earned, has led to Harvard and a world of connections — and another inhabited by relatives in Comitán de Dominguez, where people marry young, raise cattle, and often never leave.By the river, Ortiz, who will soon graduate with a bachelor’s of arts in social studies, thought about all of this — and how she had produced a deeply felt thesis of 120 pages, a political sociology study, and grown attached to it. “One of the most beautiful things about writing my thesis was realizing, afterward, why I wrote it. It is the story of my family in a lot of ways.”In it, Ortiz analyzes what works, and what could work better, when Mexican immigrants in the United States organize and fund projects intended to improve the quality of life back home. With a research grant from the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, she lived last summer in Zacatecas, in northern Mexico. She interviewed people in three rural towns, and came to understand how they handled support from abroad — or sometimes, due to corruption and inefficient governance, failed to. At heart, it is a paper about giving back, and how best to do that.“People don’t just leave and forget about home. Immigrants want to help those they left behind. That really matters to them,” she said.While at Harvard, Ortiz chose to give back. She was deeply involved in community-service programs at the Phillips Brooks House Association, which she now describes as a second home. As part of the Athena Program for gender empowerment, she mentored a Nigerian teenager. As part of the Boston Refugee Youth Enrichment Program, she taught immigrant children in Dorchester to speak English and navigate some of the things that had puzzled her as a newcomer to the United States: sports references, inane metaphors, and how to make a Thanksgiving dinner.Academically, she has focused on political economy and development in Latin America. She intends to build a career that enables her to address issues of poverty, education, immigration, and crime in low-income communities in the U.S. She recently received a Fulbright-Garcia Robles award, which will allow her return to Mexico to do research on migration.“I’m driven partly by the feeling that I’ve been lucky enough to have a foot in both worlds when other immigrants in this country don’t,” she said.On the day Ortiz finished her thesis, she called to share the news with her 72-year-old grandmother in Comitán de Dominguez, who will visit Boston for the first time in May. She is thrilled to attend her granddaughter’s Harvard graduation but, before that, straight away, she wants to walk inside Widener Library and take a good look at its 3.5 million books.
From the time he was young in Trinidad and Tobago, Leon Prieto understood how much community and cooperation were valued in his homeland. But it wasn’t until later that the Harvard Extension School (HES) master of liberal arts candidate appreciated the rich history behind these traditions and how they shaped the way black business leaders achieved success.Now, having dedicated his career to researching how African and African American culture have influenced business and management, the Clayton State University professor is fresh off the release of his first book and ready to take on a new challenge at HES.“My passion has always been history. When I came to this country, I was told to do something practical. But I never forgot my love of history, mainly black history and African history,” said Prieto, who currently lives in suburban Atlanta.Prieto, who has an M.B.A. from Georgia Southern University and a Ph.D. in human resources and leadership development from Louisiana State University, was recently admitted to HES’ graduate program in history. He also plans to complete a graduate certificate in social justice this year.The opportunity to study social justice while earning his master’s degree was particularly intriguing to Prieto. In courses that examined racism in a historical context, he discovered the parallels between philosophies that promote justice and those that economically advance black communities.“A lot of the work of these black business pioneers wasn’t just about making money, but also empowering the community — advocating social justice to end lynching and improve unemployment in the black community during those days of Jim Crow,” said Prieto.His recently published book, “African American Management History: Insights on Gaining a Cooperative Advantage,” written with Simone Phipps of Middle Georgia State University, explores the ideas of prominent black business pioneers, including John Merrick, Alonzo Herndon, Charles Clinton Spaulding, and Maggie Lena Walker.Prieto and Phipps found that the success of the business leaders they studied hinged on community cooperation, and often the pooling of resources. For instance, enslaved Africans formed mutual aid and burial societies, and later business owners established the National Negro Business League and the Colored Merchants’ Association.“The goal was to promote black economic cooperation via co-ops or sole proprietorships, to create jobs and uplift the black community and tackle some of the social issues facing them,” Prieto said.These ideas remain relevant today and offer lessons for all business leaders. In the book Prieto describes Ubuntu, a South African philosophy adapted into an education paradigm by Abdul Karim Bangura, which refers to the common bond we have as humans.Prieto has developed a business framework based on Ubuntu, with three main tenets: spirituality (distinct from religion), consensus-building, and dialogue.“Some employees distrust their leaders, so learning about consensus-building and dialogue from an African American perspective can help these leaders become more effective.” said Prieto “You need to be seen as authentic for employees to buy into what you’re doing.”For Prieto, cultivating strength and an individual sense of purpose within the African American community is more than a business strategy.Growing up in Point Fortin, the cultural capital of Trinidad and Tobago, he was surrounded by activities and traditions with historical significance, a centerpiece to life on the island. But Prieto wanted to create his own path in life.At 22, he moved to South Carolina to attend Claflin University, a historically black college. There, he immersed himself in the African American experience and found his voice and a sense of purpose.“It wasn’t always my goal to be a researcher or educator because I wasn’t sure that I had what it took to be successful in that arena,” said Prieto. “However, when I started college I decided to challenge myself and step out of my comfort zone. I became vice president [of the student government association], and I held leadership positions in various other organizations. I quickly fell in love with university life.”From there, Prieto embraced academia. And while he has spent a career standing at the front of the class, he says he’ll be just as happy in a seat at Harvard Extension School.“I’m so motivated to learn and grow as a historian and utilize some of my learnings to further the field,” said Prieto. Bridget Terry Long, HGSE’s recently appointed dean and the first African American in the position, seeks to inspire On having — and being — a role model Richest members of society now taking greater share of the national mean than ever before Related Racial and economic disparities intertwined, study finds
By William Terry KelleyUniversity ofGeorgiaModern-day salads consist of more than just lettuce, tomatoes,cucumbers, bell pepper and loads of your favorite dressing.Boiled eggs, cheese and bacon do add variety. But they also addlots of fat and calories.Adding some novel vegetables to your garden may make your saladstastier and more healthful, too.Here are a number of salad crops gardeners can grow in mostGeorgia gardens at some point in the year. They’re basicallycool-season crops, although they may not stand hard freezes.Arugula, or rocket or roquette, isa leafy green that looks a lot like radish leaves. It’s tenderand has a slightly bitter, mustard-like flavor. Arugula can beused as a flavoring ingredient in soups and vegetable dishes andmakes your salad a bit zestier, too.It can be grown much in the same way as leaf lettuce, with plants4 to 6 inches apart in rows 18 to 24 inches apart.Bok choy, or pak choi, is aChinese cabbage related to broccoli, cauliflower and chard. Ithas wide, white stalks that lead to a wide, dark green leaf. Itcan be stir fried, cooked in soup, eaten raw in salads or cookedlike spinach.Bok choy can be grown as you would grow broccoli or cabbage. Youcan grow Napa types in the same way, but they have a leafier,tighter head with crinkled leaves and a wide, white midrib.Escarole, endive and radicchio are types of chicory that forma green (or red), loose-leaf head. Escarole has a broader leafthan endive. Endive has ragged leaves that curl at the end. Thecenter is mild and is yellow-white, while the outer leaves aremore bitter. Radicchio is shaped like cabbage with shiny, smooth,red leaves with a white midrib.These can all be used in salads or cooked in other dishes. Theycan be grown in the garden in the same manner as lettuce,allowing 10 to 12 inches between plants. They add flavor andtexture to salads.Cilantro, or Chinese parsley, is atype of coriander and looks like parsley with broader leaf tops.It’s a popular ingredient in Mexican and Chinese dishes. With apungent, musty, spicy and aromatic flavor, it can be used in stirfry, salsa, salads, stews, meats, soups and pickles. You can growit in the garden much like regular parsley.Red-leaf and green-leaf lettuces are loose-leaf typesthat don’t form heads. They may range from light to dark green,red and bronze. Grow them just like other leaf lettuces. Theleaves may be ruffled or smooth. They can add color and textureto salads. Or use them in sandwiches or as garnishes.Romaine lettuce, or Cos lettuce,is an upright type with a loose head of cupped leaves and adistinctive midrib. Plant it in rows 12 to 14 inches apart with 8to 12 inches between plants.Romaine has very big, crunchy leaves that are more blanchedtoward the heart of the plant. Use it in any salad — many saladsyou order in restaurants contain Romaine lettuce. Grow romainelettuce like other lettuces, but space it a little farther apart.Swiss chard and beet greens both belong to the samefamily, except chard lacks the fleshy root the beet has. Chardhas large, fleshy, dark green (or red) leaves with fleshy, whitestalks. Grow chard and beet greens as you do common garden beets.Use chard in salads, stuffings and egg dishes and cook it as avegetable.Beet greens are simply harvested from the top of the plants. Ifyou don’t want to harvest the beet you can plant them closertogether.(Terry Kelley is an Extension Service horticulturist with theUniversity of Georgia College of Agricultural and EnvironmentalSciences.) Volume XXIXNumber 1Page 10
Sep 17, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – Nine research teams that shared $2 million from Fresh Express, a California produce company, recently presented their findings on Escherichia coli O157:H7, revealing some clues on the pathogen’s behavior on leafy greens that could lead to safer produce.Researchers presented their studies in Monterey, Calif., at a Sep 11 conference hosted by Fresh Express and attended by about 300 experts from government, academia, and the produce industry, according to a Sep 11 report from the Associated Press.In January 2007, Fresh Express, which produces bagged salads and other produce items, announced it would provide $2 million to fund research on how to keep E coli O157:H7 out of produce. The move came in the aftermath of several high-profile E coli outbreaks that were linked to leafy greens (though none of the company’s products have been implicated in a foodborne illness outbreak).No passage through plants Craig Hedberg, PhD, a foodborne disease expert and associate professor of environmental health sciences at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health in Minneapolis, said one of the research themes was exploring E coli’s ability to infect the interior tissues of plants through roots and leaves. Hedberg was a member of the Fresh Express advisory panel for the initiative.Based on the bulk of the findings, including those from the University of Georgia’s Center for Food Safety, led by Michael Doyle, E coli O157:H7 does not appear to enter through roots or leaves and disseminate through the internal tissues of the plant, Hedberg said. “Several studies lay to rest that concern.”One of the more surprising findings was that the pathogen appears to have unique biochemical mechanisms for interacting with plants, Hedberg said. An investigation by University of Arizona researchers, led by Jorge Girón, revealed that E coli O157:H7 can open stomata (tiny pores) on spinach leaves using a secretion system that is similar to those it uses to colonize cattle and human hosts. Girón and his colleagues suggested that E coli’s apparent ability to hide out in stomata may explain how the pathogen can evade produce cleaning processes.Hedberg said, “It’s fascinating biology, and now we understand more about how things happen in nature. The dynamic nature of the interaction between these enteric bacteria and plants has not previously been recognized.”Another notable finding was evidence suggesting that flies and other insects can spread E coli O157:H7 to leafy greens, he said. In May 2007 a research team from the University of Oklahoma, led by Jacqueline Fletcher, collected insects on farms in California’s Salinas Valley. They found several “filth fly species” that tested positive for E coli O157:H7, along with evidence of fly fecal and regurgitation spots on leaf surfaces. The group reported that the findings suggest a possible contamination route between cattle pastures and vegetable growing areas.However, when the investigators returned in 2008 to collect insects again from the same sites, they found that the fly populations were significantly lower, and they weren’t able to culture E coli O157:H7 from the insects. They suggested that the presence of the pathogen may be transient in some settings.The insect findings raise new questions and warrant further study, Hedberg said.In some of the other research studies, investigators reported that:Leafy greens can be sanitized with ozone treatment during vacuum cooling (a group from Ohio State University led by Ahmed Yousef)Composting doesn’t always inactivate E coli O157:H7 and other pathogens, and weather may play a role in survivability (researchers from Clemson University, headed by Xiuping Jiang)Naturally occurring microorganisms on fresh lettuce and spinach may have an antagonistic effect on E coli O157:H7 growth (investigators from the University of Georgia, led by Mark Harrison)Shredding, cleaning, and other processing methods provide multidirectional transfer points for E coli O157:H7 in iceberg lettuce and baby spinach, and a new predictive model can help guide risk assessment and safety efforts (a group from Michigan State University, headed by Elliot Ryser).Expert panel set objectivesFresh Express has said it funded the research and shared the results to benefit the produce industry and consumers. The company’s scientific advisory panel, consisting of unpaid volunteers that have been meeting since May 2006 to identify research gaps and administer the initiative, is chaired by Michael T. Osterholm, PhD, MPH. He directs the University of Minnesota Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, which publishes the CIDRAP Web site.Osterholm told CIDRAP News that the Fresh Express research funding sparked the accomplishment of a great deal of applied research in a short time. “What we did in 16 months would have taken traditional academic or government-funded researchers 3 or 4 years,” he said.The key to the initiative’s success was having an expert review group establish research objectives ahead of time, Osterholm said. The review panel also helped determine who among the 65 grant applicants received funding.Fresh Express and its science advisory panel hope to publish all nine of the studies in a single issue of a journal, he said. “And we’re looking at what we can do to keep this research model moving.”Officials from Fresh Express said in a statement to CIDRAP News that they were thankful for the advisory panel’s guidance and extremely pleased with the results of the research initiative. Company President Tanjos E. Viviani and Executive Vice-President Jim Lugg said they were happy with “the remarkable [conference] turn-out from growers and harvesters, other key manufacturers, regulators, customers and food safety experts.” They added, “We are also very excited about the [research] results. We intend to carefully evaluate them and determine how or when we might be able to act on those that are most relevant for us.”A future for ‘fast-track’ research?Jim Prevor, a produce industry expert who hosts a blog called Perishable Pundit, attended the Monterey conference and praised the “fast track” research initiative. However, he warned produce industry officials not to dismiss the benefits of traditional peer-reviewed academic research.”Although this type of quick turnaround can provide important clues for further research and provide the trade and regulators with some notion of how research is progressing, we think demanding instantaneous revolutions in horticultural and processing practices is too much,” Prevor wrote.He said the Fresh Express initiative showed that a rapid, applied research model can work, but he questioned how similar projects in the future might be feasible. He wrote that the Center for Produce Safety, a University of California, Davis, research institute funded through produce industry support, might be a good site to continue studies based on the Fresh Express model. However, he added that fundraising, staffing, and balancing research priorities would pose big challenges.”For today, however, the industry owes a big hat tip to Fresh Express. We know more and have a clearer path to food safety than we did last week. That is a formidable accomplishment,” Prevor wrote.See also:Apr 13, 2007, CIDRAP News story “Produce firm names winners of E coli research grants”Jan 19, 2007, CIDRAP News story “California produce firm to fund E coli research”Perishable Pundit blog site